The significance of a collaborative practice model in delivering care to chronically ill patients: a case study of managing diabetes mellitus in a primary health care center

J Interprof Care. 2005 Oct;19(5):444-51. doi: 10.1080/13561820500215095.


Non-communicable diseases, especially diabetes mellitus type two (DM2) constitute major health problems in Lebanon that have an adverse impact on health and health resources. Collaborative practice interventions may improve quality care of DM2 and reduce or delay complications. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the impact of collaborative practice on the quality and cost of effective care for diabetic patients in a primary health care center. A chart audit review of 375 diabetic patients attending an inner city health center in Beirut (Lebanon) was conducted after three and a half years of collaborative practice intervention, which included guidelines for an interdisciplinary health team. Evaluation of the impact of collaborative practice was conducted on the process and outcome of care. The results indicated a high level of enthusiasm, support and the development of team spirit at the process level. At the outcome level there was improvement in documentation, increase in patient recruitment, increase in continuity of care, improvement of glycemic control and decreased cost. In conclusion collaborative practice interventions improved process and outcome variables for diabetic patients. It is suggested that this model could be developed for use in the care of other chronic diseases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Community Health Centers / standards*
  • Continuity of Patient Care
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy*
  • Documentation
  • Humans
  • Interdisciplinary Communication*
  • Lebanon
  • Medical Audit*
  • Patient Care Team*
  • Patient Selection
  • Primary Health Care / standards*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies