Simulation of endovascular neurointervention using silicone models: imaging and manipulation

Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2005 Nov;45(11):567-72; discussion 572-3. doi: 10.2176/nmc.45.567.


Silicone models of cerebral aneurysm and stroke pathology were produced by copying the images of clinical cases to evaluate the simulation of endovascular procedures. Conventional silicone models, silicone suture models made from separate aneurysm sac and parent artery sutured together, and animal vascular models made from vessels obtained from pigs were made. The models were incorporated in the training system for simulation of endovascular procedures under digital subtraction angiography control using a portable angiography system. The conventional silicone models provided very close reproduction of the aneurysm and vessels, even the fine branches. However, greater resistance or impact was felt, especially when passing the device through curved vessels. Stroke models were insufficiently dilated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty or stenting. The silicone suture model was useful to avoid damage to models of giant aneurysm or models with small orifices during the lost wax procedure, whereas the projection of domes was somewhat inaccurate. The animal vascular model could not provide accurate aneurysm shape and vessel diameter, although the feel during manipulation was much more realistic.

MeSH terms

  • Angiography
  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Models, Animal
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Silicones*
  • Swine


  • Silicones