Visualizing regulatory T cell control of autoimmune responses in nonobese diabetic mice

Nat Immunol. 2006 Jan;7(1):83-92. doi: 10.1038/ni1289. Epub 2005 Nov 27.


The in vivo mechanism of regulatory T cell (T(reg) cell) function in controlling autoimmunity remains controversial. Here we have used two-photon laser-scanning microscopy to analyze lymph node priming of diabetogenic T cells and to delineate the mechanisms of T(reg) cell control of autoimmunity in vivo. Islet antigen-specific CD4(+)CD25(-) T helper cells (T(H) cells) and T(reg) cells swarmed and arrested in the presence of autoantigens. These T(H) cell activities were progressively inhibited in the presence of increasing numbers of T(reg) cells. There were no detectable stable associations between T(reg) and T(H) cells during active suppression. In contrast, T(reg) cells directly interacted with dendritic cells bearing islet antigen. Such persistent T(reg) cell-dendritic cell contacts preceded the inhibition of T(H) cell activation by dendritic cells, supporting the idea that dendritic cells are central to T(reg) cell function in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adoptive Transfer
  • Animals
  • Autoimmunity / immunology*
  • Cell Communication / immunology
  • Cell Movement / immunology
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / immunology*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lymph Nodes / cytology
  • Lymph Nodes / immunology
  • Lymphocyte Activation / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Pancreas / immunology
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / metabolism