Polycystin-1 and polycystin-2 regulate the cell cycle through the helix-loop-helix inhibitor Id2

Nat Cell Biol. 2005 Dec;7(12):1202-12. doi: 10.1038/ncb1326. Epub 2005 Nov 27.


Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease and is characterized by progressive cyst formation and ultimate loss of renal function. Increased cell proliferation is a key feature of the disease. Here, we show that the ADPKD protein polycystin-2 (PC2) regulates the cell cycle through direct interaction with Id2, a member of the helix-loop-helix (HLH) protein family that is known to regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. Id2 expression suppresses the induction of a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p21, by either polycystin-1 (PC1) or PC2. The PC2-Id2 interaction is regulated by PC1-dependent phosphorylation of PC2. Enhanced Id2 nuclear localization is seen in human and mouse cystic kidneys. Inhibition of Id2 expression by RNA interference corrects the hyperproliferative phenotype of PC1 mutant cells. We propose that Id2 has a crucial role in cell-cycle regulation that is mediated by PC1 and PC2.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus
  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 2 / genetics
  • Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 2 / metabolism*
  • Kidney / chemistry
  • Membrane Proteins / analysis
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Membrane Proteins / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proteins / analysis
  • Proteins / physiology*
  • TRPP Cation Channels / analysis


  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • ID2 protein, human
  • Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 2
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Proteins
  • TRPP Cation Channels
  • polycystic kidney disease 1 protein
  • polycystic kidney disease 2 protein