Obesity in the United States: is there a quick fix? Pros and cons of bariatric surgery from the pediatric perspective

Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2005 Dec;7(6):445-50. doi: 10.1007/s11894-005-0074-1.

Abstract

Bariatric surgery has become a standard of care for the treatment of severely obese adults who meet National Institutes of Health criteria. Unfortunately, there is a need for weight loss surgery in adolescents. Criteria developed for adolescents are generally more restrictive than those for adults due to concerns about the ability of children to consent for life-altering surgery and the lack of long-term results. Several preliminary series have reported adolescent bariatric procedures with promising results. The two primary bariatric procedures performed on adolescents are Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and adjustable gastric banding (AGB). Each procedure has its advantages and disadvantages. RYGB has the longest follow-up results and is considered the "gold standard." AGB has promising results, is reversible, and can be performed with less morbidity and mortality.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bariatric Surgery / methods*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Obesity / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States / epidemiology