The purposes of this study were to characterize the state of quality improvement (QI) in nursing facilities and to identify barriers to improvement from nursing leaders' perspectives. The study employed a non-experimental descriptive design, using closed- and open-ended survey questions in a sample of 51 nursing facilities in a midwestern state. Only two of these facilities had active QI programs. Furthermore, turnover and limited training among these nursing leaders represented major barriers to rapid implementation of such programs. This study is consistent with earlier findings that QI programs are limited in nursing homes.