Child development and the physical environment

Annu Rev Psychol. 2006;57:423-51. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190057.


Characteristics of the physical environment that influence child development are discussed. Topics include behavioral toxicology, noise, crowding, housing and neighborhood quality, natural settings, schools, and day care settings. Socioemotional, cognitive, motivation, and psychophysiological outcomes in children and youths are reviewed. Necessary methodological and conceptual advances are introduced as well.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child Development / physiology*
  • Child Rearing
  • Environment*
  • Housing / standards*
  • Humans
  • Motivation
  • Noise / adverse effects*
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Schools
  • Social Environment