Mild congenital primary hypothyroidism in a Turkish family caused by a homozygous missense thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) gene mutation (A593 V)

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2005 Dec;113(10):582-5. doi: 10.1055/s-2005-865914.


Congenital primary hypothyroidism (CH) occurs in 1 of 4000 births. The majority of the cases are due to agenesis or dysgenesis of the thyroid gland, which can be caused by mutations in genes encoding for transcriptional factors that are responsible for the development of the thyroid gland. It is also known that the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR), a G-protein coupled receptor, is involved in late stages of thyroid organogenesis. Thus, mutations in the TSHR gene can cause congenital hypothyroidism. However, the clinical spectrum of thyroid abnormalities due to mutant TSHRs is wide and ranges from severe hypoplasia to an almost normal sized and structured thyroid gland. So far, 23 distinct loss-of-function mutations in the TSHR gene have been reported, occurring in families of different ethnic backgrounds and geographical areas. Here we report on a Turkish kindred in which two children were diagnosed to have very mild congenital primary hypothyroidism and one child had subclinical hypothyroidism. A novel homozygous missense mutation in codon 593 (A593 V) of the TSHR gene was identified in the affected individuals as the underlying molecular defect. This mutation substitutes a non-polar amino acid (alanine) with a non-polar amino acid (valine), so that only a minimal impairment of the TSHR function is expected. Indeed, the molecular finding is in agreement with the observed mild phenotype of the affected individuals. Our conclusion is that in mild primary hypothyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism, mutations in the TSHR gene have to be considered as the molecular cause, especially in patients who have no detectable thyroid autoantibodies and have thyroid glands of normal size and in normal location.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alanine / genetics*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Child
  • Congenital Hypothyroidism / genetics*
  • Female
  • Homozygote*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation, Missense / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Receptors, Thyrotropin / chemistry
  • Receptors, Thyrotropin / genetics*
  • Turkey


  • Receptors, Thyrotropin
  • Alanine