Background: Critics of direct-to-consumer print advertising for drugs (DTCA) contend it alters physician-patient communication by promoting greater patient participation and control. We assessed the nature of messages in print DTCA to identify potential guidelines they may provide to consumers for communicating with physicians.
Methods: We analyzed all unique advertisements (ie, excluded ads repeated across issues or magazines) in 18 popular magazines (684 issues) from January 1998 to December 1999 (n=225). We identified every statement that referred to physicians, and within that set, statements that focused on physician-patient communication. Each communication-related statement was coded as a message to consumers about communication in terms of cues suggesting who should initiate communication, who should be in relational control, and appropriate interaction topic(s).
Results: More than three-quarters (83.8%) of the advertisements' statements referring to physicians focused on physician-patient communication (M=2.6 per ad; SD=1.8). Most (76.1%) of these messages explicitly or implicitly promoted consumers initiating communication, but cast the physician in relational control (54.5%). The most frequently suggested interaction topics were clinical judgments of the product's appropriateness (41.8%) and information about the product (32.1%).
Conclusions: Typical direct-to-consumer print ads contain multiple messages about communicating with physicians. The patterned nature of these messages appears to promote social norms for consumers' communication behavior by repeatedly implying the appropriateness of consumers initiating interaction, physicians maintaining relational control, and avoiding negative consequences of advertised drugs as conversational topics.