A review on pro- and anti-angiogenic factors as targets of clinical intervention

Pharmacol Res. 2006 Feb;53(2):89-103. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2005.10.006.


Angiogenesis plays an important role in physiology and pathology. It is a tightly regulated process, influenced by the microenvironment and modulated by a multitude of pro- and anti-angiogenic factors. A thorough understanding of the angiogenic process may lead to novel therapies to target ischemic vascular diseases as well as diseases characterised by excessive angiogenesis such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis or tumours. This review gives an overview of the (groups of) factors involved in different steps of the angiogenic process, divided into factors affecting endothelial proliferation and migration and factors affecting blood coagulation, fibrinolysis and the degradation of basement membranes and the extra-cellular matrix, with a specific emphasis on angiopoietins and their related growth factors. The therapeutic implications of these factors are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inducing Agents*
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Basement Membrane / drug effects
  • Blood Vessels / pathology
  • Blood Vessels / physiopathology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects
  • Endothelium, Vascular / physiology
  • Extracellular Matrix / drug effects
  • Extracellular Matrix / pathology
  • Humans
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / prevention & control*


  • Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors