A comparison of two Native American Navigator formats: face-to-face and telephone

Cancer Control. 2005 Nov;12 Suppl 2(Suppl 2):28-33. doi: 10.1177/1073274805012004S05.


The study was designed to test the relative effectiveness of a Navigator intervention delivered face-to-face or by telephone to urban Native American women. The effectiveness of the intervention was evaluated using a design that included a pretest, random assignment to face-to-face or telephone group, and posttest. The Social Cognitive Theory-based intervention was a tailored education program developed to address individual risk factors for breast cancer. At posttest, self-reported mammograms in the past year increased from 29% to 41.3% in the telephone group and from 34.4% to 45.2% in the face-to-face group. There was no difference in change from pretest to posttest between the telephone and face-to-face groups. Navigators can be effective in increasing adherence to recommendations for screening mammography among urban American Indian women.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / ethnology*
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Colorado
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Female
  • Health Education / methods
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American*
  • Interviews as Topic / methods*
  • Mammography / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk Factors
  • Urban Population