Catalysis of NADH-->NADP+ transhydrogenation by adult Hymenolepis diminuta mitochondria

Parasitol Res. 2006 Feb;98(3):200-6. doi: 10.1007/s00436-005-0020-z. Epub 2005 Dec 3.


Hymenolepis diminuta mitochondria catalyze nonenergy-linked and energy-linked NADH-->NADP(+) transhydrogenations, with the latter driven by electron-transport dependent NADH oxidation (electron transport-driven, ETD) or ATP hydrolysis (ATP-driven, ATPD). Using submitochondrial particles, NADH-->NADP(+) transhydrogenations were characterized further. ETD and ATPD reactions were enhanced by bovine serum albumin (BSA) and were inhibited by N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD), carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), carbonyl cyanide 4-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone (FCCP), and niclosamide. The nonenergy-linked reaction was unaffected by these additives. Except for DCCD inhibition of the ATPD reaction, BSA mitigated inhibitor effects on energy-linked activities. BSA enhanced NADH oxidase (but not ATPase) activity. Although DCCD inhibited NADH oxidase and ATPase, BSA only lessened oxidase inhibition. With protonophores, an increase in NADH oxidase (but not ATPase) activity was suggested. Oxidase inhibition by rotenone was unaffected by BSA. The ATP-hydrolyzed/NADPH-formed for the ATPD reaction was almost unity. A model for H. diminuta energy-linked transhydrogenation is presented.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Catalysis
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Female
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hymenolepis diminuta / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mitochondrial Membranes / enzymology*
  • NAD / metabolism*
  • NADP / metabolism*
  • NADP Transhydrogenases / metabolism*
  • Rats


  • NAD
  • NADP
  • NADP Transhydrogenases