Endogenous modulators of the central melanocortin system, such as the agouti-related protein (AgRP), should hold a pivotal position in the regulation of energy intake and expenditure. Despite this, AgRP-deficient mice were recently reported to exhibit normal food intake, body weight gain, and energy expenditure. Here we demonstrate that 2- to 3-month-old Agrp null mice do in fact exhibit subtle changes in response to feeding challenges (fasting and MCR agonists) but, of more significance and magnitude, exhibit reduced body weight and adiposity after 6 months of age. This age-dependent lean phenotype is correlated with increased metabolic rate, body temperature, and locomotor activity and increased circulating thyroid hormone (T4 and T3) and BAT UCP-1 expression. These results provide further proof of the importance of the AgRP neuronal system in the regulation of energy homeostasis.