Expression of myo-inositol oxygenase in tissues susceptible to diabetic complications

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Jan 20;339(3):816-20. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.11.090. Epub 2005 Nov 28.


Alterations of intracellular levels of myo-inositol (MI) have the potential to impact such cellular processes as signaling pathways and osmotic balance. Depletion of MI has been implicated in the etiology of diabetic complications; however, the mechanistic details remain sketchy. myo-Inositol oxygenase (MIOX-EC catalyzes the first committed step of the only pathway of MI catabolism. In the present study, extra-renal tissues and cell types, including those affected by diabetic complications, were examined for MIOX expression. Western blotting results indicated that kidney is the only major organ where MIOX protein is expressed at detectable levels. Immunohistochemical examination of the kidney revealed that the proximal tubular epithelial cells are the only site of MIOX expression in the kidney. Reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western immunoblot analyses, however, revealed that the cell lines ARPE-19 and HLE-B3, representing human retinal pigmented epithelium and lens epithelium, respectively, also express MIOX. In addition, quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis of all major tissues in the mouse showed that the sciatic nerve contained MIOX transcript, which was found to be significantly higher than that observed in other non-renal organs. These results indicate that MIOX is found at lower levels in extra-renal tissues where diabetic complications, including nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy, and cataract, are frequently observed.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Diabetes Complications / enzymology*
  • Disease Susceptibility / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Inositol Oxygenase / metabolism*
  • Kidney Diseases / enzymology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Organ Specificity
  • Peripheral Nerves / metabolism*
  • Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / enzymology*
  • Swine
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Biomarkers
  • Inositol Oxygenase