The Effects of Growth Hormone and/or Testosterone in Healthy Elderly Men: A Randomized Controlled Trial

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Feb;91(2):477-84. doi: 10.1210/jc.2005-0957. Epub 2005 Dec 6.

Abstract

Context: Declines in GH and testosterone (Te) secretion may contribute to the detrimental aging changes of elderly men.

Objective: To assess the effects of near-physiological GH with/without Te administration on lean body mass, total body fat, midthigh muscle cross-section area, muscle strength, aerobic capacity, condition-specific quality of life (Age-Related Hormone Deficiency-Dependent Quality of Life questionnaire), and generic health status (36-Item Short-Form Health Survey) of older men.

Design, settings, and participants: A 6-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed on 80 healthy, community-dwelling, older men (age, 65-80 yr).

Interventions: Participants were randomized to receive 1) placebo GH or placebo Te, 2) recombinant human GH (rhGH) and placebo Te (GH), 3) Te and placebo rhGH (Te), or 4) rhGH and Te (GHTe). GH doses were titrated over 8 wk to produce IGF-I levels in the upper half of the age-specific reference range. A fixed dose of Te (5 mg) was given by transdermal patches.

Results: Lean body mass increased with GHTe (P = 0.008) and GH (P = 0.004), compared with placebo. Total body fat decreased with GHTe only (P = 0.02). Midthigh muscle (P = 0.006) and aerobic capacity (P < 0.001) increased only after GHTe. Muscle strength changes were variable; one of six measures significantly increased with GHTe. Significant treatment group by time interactions indicated an improved Age-Related Hormone Deficiency-Dependent Quality of Life questionnaire score (P = 0.007) in the GH and GHTe groups. Bodily pain increased with GH alone, as determined by the Short-Form Health Survey (P = 0.003). There were no major adverse effects.

Conclusion: Coadministration of low dose GH with Te resulted in beneficial changes being observed more often than with either GH or Te alone.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Composition / drug effects
  • Body Composition / physiology*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Hand Strength / physiology
  • Human Growth Hormone / adverse effects
  • Human Growth Hormone / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*
  • Quality of Life
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Testosterone / adverse effects
  • Testosterone / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Testosterone
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I