Hemorrhagic transformation. The spectrum of ischemia-related brain hemorrhage

Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1992 Jul;3(3):601-10.


Hemorrhagic transformation of ischemic cerebral injury occurs commonly in embolic strokes. The incidence, timing, and clinical consequences of hemorrhagic transformation are reviewed. Hemorrhagic complications resulting from heparin therapy and results from recent preliminary thrombolytic treatment trials are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Ischemia / physiopathology*
  • Brain Ischemia / therapy
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / physiopathology*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / therapy
  • Cerebral Infarction / physiopathology*
  • Cerebral Infarction / therapy
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / physiopathology
  • Risk Factors
  • Thrombolytic Therapy
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed