Signalling and regulation of collagen I synthesis by ET-1 and TGF-beta1

FEBS J. 2005 Dec;272(24):6297-309. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2005.05016.x.


Endothelin-1 (ET-1) plays an important role in tissue remodelling and fibrogenesis by inducing synthesis of collagen I via protein kinase C (PKC). ET-1 signals are transduced by two receptor subtypes, the ETA- and ETB-receptors which activate different Galpha proteins. Here, we investigated the expression of both ET-receptor subtypes in human primary dermal fibroblasts and demonstrated that the ETA-receptor is the major ET-receptor subtype expressed. To determine further signalling intermediates, we inhibited Galphai and three phospholipases. Pharmacologic inhibition of Galphai, phosphatidylcholine-phospholipase C (PC-PLC) and phospholipase D (PLD), but not of phospholipase Cbeta, abolished the increase in collagen I by ET-1. Inhibition of all phospholipases revealed similar effects on TGF-beta1 induced collagen I synthesis, demonstrating involvement of PC-PLC and PLD in the signalling pathways elicited by ET-1 and TGF-beta1. ET-1 and TGF-beta1 each stimulated collagen I production and in an additive manner. ET-1 further induced connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), as did TGF-beta1, however, to lower levels. While rapid and sustained CTGF induction was seen following TGF-beta1 treatment, ET-1 increased CTGF in a biphasic manner with lower induction at 3 h and a delayed and higher induction after 5 days of permanent ET-1 treatment. Coincidentally at 5 days of permanent ET-1 stimulation, a switch in ET-receptor subtype expression to the ETB-receptor was observed. We conclude that the signalling pathways induced by ET-1 and TGF-beta1 leading to augmented collagen I production by fibroblasts converge on a similar signalling pathway. Thereby, long-time stimulation by ET-1 resulted in a changed ET-receptor subtype ratio and in a biphasic CTGF induction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Collagen Type I / biosynthesis*
  • Endothelin-1 / pharmacology*
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Receptors, Endothelin / analysis
  • Signal Transduction
  • Skin / cytology
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1
  • Up-Regulation


  • Collagen Type I
  • Endothelin-1
  • Receptors, Endothelin
  • TGFB1 protein, human
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1