PKC isozymes and diacylglycerol-regulated proteins as effectors of growth factor receptors

Growth Factors. 2005 Dec;23(4):245-52. doi: 10.1080/08977190500366043.


Growth factors exert their cellular effects through signal transduction pathways that are initiated by the ligation of growth factors to their cell surface receptors. One of the well-established effectors of growth factor receptors is protein kinase C (PKC), a family of serine-threonine kinases that have been known for years as the main target of the phorbol ester tumor promoters. While there is abundant information regarding downstream PKC effectors and partners, how individual PKC isozymes become activated by growth factors and the regulation of receptor function by PKCs is only partially understood. Moreover, the identification of novel "non-kinase" DAG-binding proteins has added a new level of complexity to the field of DAG signaling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diglycerides / physiology*
  • ErbB Receptors / physiology
  • Growth Substances / physiology
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / physiology
  • Neoplasm Proteins / physiology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinase C / physiology*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met / physiology
  • Receptors, Growth Factor / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction


  • Diglycerides
  • Growth Substances
  • Isoenzymes
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Receptors, Growth Factor
  • beta-chimaerin
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met
  • Protein Kinase C