Role of the Hog1 stress-activated protein kinase in the global transcriptional response to stress in the fungal pathogen Candida albicans

Mol Biol Cell. 2006 Feb;17(2):1018-32. doi: 10.1091/mbc.e05-06-0501. Epub 2005 Dec 7.


The resistance of Candida albicans to many stresses is dependent on the stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) Hog1. Hence we have explored the role of Hog1 in the regulation of transcriptional responses to stress. DNA microarrays were used to characterize the global transcriptional responses of HOG1 and hog1 cells to three stress conditions that activate the Hog1 SAPK: osmotic stress, oxidative stress, and heavy metal stress. This revealed both stress-specific transcriptional responses and a core transcriptional response to stress in C. albicans. The core transcriptional response was characterized by a subset of genes that responded in a stereotypical manner to all of the stresses analyzed. Inactivation of HOG1 significantly attenuated transcriptional responses to osmotic and heavy metal stresses, but not to oxidative stress, and this was reflected in the role of Hog1 in the regulation of C. albicans core stress genes. Instead, the Cap1 transcription factor plays a key role in the oxidative stress regulation of C. albicans core stress genes. Our data show that the SAPK network in C. albicans has diverged from corresponding networks in model yeasts and that the C. albicans SAPK pathway functions in parallel with other pathways to regulate the core transcriptional response to stress.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • Candida albicans / enzymology*
  • Candida albicans / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Fungal Proteins / physiology*
  • Gene Deletion
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal*
  • Genome, Fungal
  • Metals, Heavy / metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / physiology*
  • Models, Biological
  • Osmotic Pressure
  • Oxidative Stress
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Saccharomycetales / metabolism
  • Schizosaccharomyces / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction


  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • CAP1 protein, Candida albicans
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Metals, Heavy
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases