Effect of the Glycine Antagonist Gavestinel on cerebral infarcts in acute stroke patients, a randomized placebo-controlled trial: The GAIN MRI Substudy

Cerebrovasc Dis. 2006;21(1-2):106-11. doi: 10.1159/000090208. Epub 2005 Dec 9.


Background and purpose: Gavestinel, GV150526, is a selective antagonist at the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. The safety and efficacy of GV150526 were studied in two phase III randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials of acute ischemic stroke patients within 6 h from onset [The Glycine Antagonist in Neuroprotection (GAIN) International and GAIN Americas Trials]. A planned MRI substudy within these trials investigated the effect of gavestinel on infarct volume.

Methods: Patients enrolled in the GAIN trials at designated MRI substudy sites were eligible if they had a pretreatment acute cortical lesion on diffusion-weighted MRI of at least 1.5 cm diameter or 5 cm(3). Final lesion assessment was performed on T(2)-weighted MRI at month 3. Blinded image analysis was performed centrally. The primary hypothesis was that gavestinel would attenuate lesion growth from baseline relative to placebo.

Results: A total of 106 patients were eligible, 75 (34 gavestinel, 41 placebo) of whom had month 3 scans (primary analysis population). No effects of gavestinel on infarct volume were observed in the primary or other analyses. However, significant associations of lesion volume to clinical severity and outcomes were observed. Ischemic lesion volume decrease was predictive of substantial clinical improvement.

Conclusion: Consistent with the clinical outcomes in the GAIN trials, no effects of gavestinel on ischemic infarction was observed. Concordance of results of the clinical outcome trials with those of this infarct volume substudy as well the associations of infarct volume to clinical outcomes further support the potential role of infarct volume as a marker of outcome in dose finding and proof of principle acute stroke trials.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Infarction / complications
  • Cerebral Infarction / drug therapy*
  • Cerebral Infarction / pathology*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glycine Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Indoles / therapeutic use*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Prospective Studies
  • Stroke / drug therapy
  • Stroke / etiology
  • Stroke / pathology
  • Treatment Outcome


  • 3-(2-((phenylamino)carbonyl)ethenyl)-4,6-dichloroindole-2-carboxylic acid
  • Glycine Agents
  • Indoles