Purpose of review: Chronic kidney disease is recognized as being highly prevalent in the population, and associated with morbidity and mortality relative to the general population. The complexity of patients and the multiplicity of interventions required to maintain health has forced clinicians to develop different models of healthcare delivery. This publication reviews the current literature on specific interventions to reduce progression of chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease, and studies the examination of outcomes of patients exposed to different healthcare delivery models. Specifically we examine the rationale and outcomes of those seen in multidisciplinary clinics.
Recent findings: Current evidence supports the use of rennin-angiotensin system blockers, reduction of blood pressure and proteinuria and phosphate control. Additional less robust studies support the need for attention to anemia, hyperparathryoidism, and other more "kidney specific" risk factors. The attendance of identified chronic kidney disease patients at multidisciplinary clinics appears to improve survival once dialysis is started. Despite aggressive management, not all patients are able to meet clinical targets associated with improved outcomes.
Summary: The recognition of the complexity of chronic kidney disease care and the need to develop and test models of care in addition to the single interventions is a challenge for both researchers and clinicians. Current data support the use of multidisciplinary clinics in improving outcomes of referred patients. Future research will help to refine and define appropriate care models for this growing chronic kidney disease population.