Mechanobiology in the third dimension

Ann Biomed Eng. 2005 Nov;33(11):1469-90. doi: 10.1007/s10439-005-8159-4.

Abstract

Cells are mechanically coupled to their extracellular environments, which play critical roles in both communicating the state of the mechanical environment to the cell as well as in mediating cellular response to a variety of stimuli. Along with the molecular composition and mechanical properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM), recent work has demonstrated the importance of dimensionality in cell-ECM associations for controlling the sensitive communication between cells and the ECM. Matrix forces are generally transmitted to cells differently when the cells are on two-dimensional (2D) vs. within three-dimensional (3D) matrices, and cells in 3D environments may experience mechanical signaling that is unique vis-à-vis cells in 2D environments, such as the recently described 3D-matrix adhesion assemblies. This review examines how the dimensionality of the extracellular environment can affect in vitro cell mechanobiology, focusing on collagen and fibrin systems.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena / methods
  • Cell Adhesion / physiology
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism*
  • Fibrillar Collagens / metabolism*
  • Fibrin / metabolism*
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Mechanotransduction, Cellular / physiology*
  • Models, Biological*
  • Stress, Mechanical

Substances

  • Fibrillar Collagens
  • Fibrin