Alcoholism and related traits: a summary of Group 13 contributions

Genet Epidemiol. 2005:29 Suppl 1:S96-S102. doi: 10.1002/gepi.20116.


Ten groups set out to study the genetics of alcoholism, using various measures of alcohol dependence such as Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria, and related endophenotypes such as the electrophysiological evaluation of event-related potentials. The groups used both genome-wide microsatellite and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping data in families selected from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. The majority of investigators studied alcohol-related phenotypes and chose linkage rather than association analysis. The analysis of SNP data presented several challenges, including marker linkage disequilibrium issues and computational limitations. Many groups pursued novel techniques, both in dealing with the SNP data and the definition of phenotypes. While there was a limited amount of concordance among linkage findings, it was very instructive to see so many new strategies at work. Generally the SNP genotype data seemed to yield more information for multipoint linkage analysis than the microsatellite data, a finding that will benefit the genetic analysis of complex disease in the future. A novel linkage peak was detected using the SNP markers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alcoholism / genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods
  • Cytogenetic Analysis / methods*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked Potentials / genetics
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Microsatellite Repeats / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics
  • Quantitative Trait, Heritable*