Ammonium Production in Sediments Inhibited With Molybdate: Implications for the Sources of Ammonium in Anoxic Marine Sediments

Appl Environ Microbiol. 1987 Oct;53(10):2435-9.


Ammonium production in the presence of specific inhibitors of sulfate reduction and methanogenesis was investigated in six marine sediments which differed in bulk properties and organic matter input. In all cases, little effect of the inhibitors on ammonium production was observed, although sulfate reduction was suppressed by molybdate. This gives evidence that the processes of fermentation and hydrolysis are of primary importance in ammonium generation at the sites studied. Although sulfate reduction rates may appear to be coupled to ammonium production rates, sulfate reduction does not necessarily contribute directly to generation of ammonium in marine environments.