Treatment of conjunctival lymphomas

Semin Ophthalmol. 2005 Oct-Dec;20(4):239-46. doi: 10.1080/08820530500350845.


Due to their indolent nature, conjunctival lymphomas have different treatment options compared to other adnexal lymphomas. Therapeutic options directed towards conjunctival lymphomas include radiotherapy (external beam radiation), brachytherapy, cryotherapy, intralesional interferon injections, systemic rituximab, and observation. Radiotherapy that has been demonstrated to be highly effective for both low and high-grade tumors, however, can be associated with a high percentage of short-term side effects and long-term complications. Brachytherapy can provide local tumor control, but can also cause many complications. Cryotherapy may be used for certain tumor locations, but has a high recurrence rate. Both interferon and rituximab show promising results for treating low-grade tumors while avoiding the complications associated with radiotherapy. Finally, reports of spontaneous regression of low-grade conjunctival lymphomas have led some investigators to advocate a course of careful observation following biopsy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Combined Modality Therapy / methods
  • Conjunctival Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome