Lower lid epiblepharon as the presenting feature of spontaneous dural carotid cavernous fistula in an Asian patient

Orbit. 2005 Dec;24(4):265-8. doi: 10.1080/01676830590930661.


Lower lid epiblepharon is a relatively common problem among young Asian patients. Occasionally, it may be secondary to underlying orbital pathology. We report a 33-year-old Chinese patient with a dural carotid cavernous fistula who presented with an ipsilateral lower lid epiblepharon in the absence of any other significant signs. After a recurrence following primary corrective lid surgery, she was investigated further because of mild ipsilateral proptosis. CT-scans of the orbit revealed an enlarged superior ophthalmic vein and a dural carotid cavernous fistula was confirmed on angiography. Subsequent embolisation of the fistula led to resolution of the proptosis as well as the epiblepharon. We believe that extension of orbital fat to the inferior tarsal border in Asian eyelids together with a poorly fixed anterior lamella contributes to the occurrence of epiblepharon when the Asian orbit becomes congested. The new onset of such features in the Asian patient should lead one to suspect underlying orbital pathology, even in the absence of other, more classic signs.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Angiography
  • Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula / complications*
  • Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula / diagnostic imaging
  • Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula / ethnology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Eyelid Diseases / ethnology
  • Eyelid Diseases / etiology
  • Eyelid Diseases / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Recurrence
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed