Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a longer septal-to-posterior wall motion delay (SPWMD) would predict greater reverse remodeling and an improved clinical response in heart failure patients randomized to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in the CONTAK-CD trial.
Background: The SPWMD predicted clinical benefit with CRT in two previous studies from the same center.
Methods: In this retrospective analysis of the CONTAK-CD trial, SPWMD was measured from the baseline echocardiogram of 79 heart failure patients (ejection fraction 22 +/- 7%, QRS duration 159 +/- 27 ms, 72% ischemic, 84% male) randomized to CRT and compared with six-month changes in echocardiographic and clinical parameters. Patients with a left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) reduction of at least 15% were considered responders.
Results: The feasibility and reproducibility of performing the SPWMD measurements were poor. Larger values for SPWMD did not correlate with six-month changes in left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (p = 0.26), LVESVI (p = 0.41), or left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.36). Responders did not have a significantly different SPWMD than non-responders (p = 0.26). The SPWMD did not correlate with measures of clinical improvement. At a threshold of SPWMD >130 ms, the test characteristics to predict reverse remodeling or a clinical response were inadequate.
Conclusions: The previous findings that SPWMD predicts reverse remodeling or clinical improvement with CRT were not reproducible in patients randomized in the CONTAK-CD trial.