Hypoglycemia influences oligodendrocyte development and myelin formation

Neuroreport. 2006 Jan 23;17(1):55-9. doi: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000192733.00535.b6.

Abstract

Damage to central nervous system white matter is observed following hypoglycemia, raising the possibility that hypoglycemia influences oligodendrocytes and myelination. To examine effects of hypoglycemia on oligodendrocytes and myelin formation, we studied cultured oligodendrocyte precursor cells and cerebellar slice cultures. We observed that with decreasing concentrations of glucose, oligodendrocyte precursor cell proliferation, maturation, and migration decreased. We also observed that hypoglycemia induced apoptotic cell death and activation of caspase-3 in oligodendrocyte precursor cells. Slice culture studies showed that glucose is required for myelinated fiber formation, as with reduction in the glucose concentration, the density of myelinated fibers decreased. Collectively, these data show that hypoglycemia inhibits oligodendrocyte development and myelination and that hypoglycemia triggers apoptotic cell death in oligodendrocyte precursor cells.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Blotting, Western / methods
  • Caspase 3
  • Caspases / metabolism
  • Cell Death / drug effects
  • Cell Death / physiology
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Movement / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cerebellum / drug effects
  • Cerebellum / metabolism
  • Cerebellum / physiopathology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Glucose / adverse effects
  • Hypoglycemia / metabolism*
  • Hypoglycemia / pathology*
  • Immunohistochemistry / methods
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling / methods
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Mice
  • Myelin Basic Protein / metabolism
  • Myelin Sheath / metabolism*
  • Oligodendroglia / drug effects
  • Oligodendroglia / metabolism*
  • Oligodendroglia / pathology*
  • Rats
  • Tetrazolium Salts
  • Thiazoles
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Myelin Basic Protein
  • Tetrazolium Salts
  • Thiazoles
  • Casp3 protein, mouse
  • Casp3 protein, rat
  • Caspase 3
  • Caspases
  • thiazolyl blue
  • Glucose