New insights into the function of granulomas in human tuberculosis

J Pathol. 2006 Jan;208(2):261-9. doi: 10.1002/path.1906.


The human tuberculous granuloma provides the morphological framework for local immune processes central to the outcome of tuberculosis. This review article describes investigations on human lung granulomas aimed at better understanding the regional host response and counter-measures to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These findings lead to a revised view of the regional immune response in human tuberculosis. Novel insights into this dynamic cross-talk form the basis of novel intervention strategies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disease Progression
  • Granuloma / immunology*
  • Granuloma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / immunology
  • Lung / immunology
  • Lung / pathology
  • Lung Diseases / immunology*
  • Lung Diseases / pathology
  • Macrophages / immunology
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / growth & development
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / immunology
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / immunology*
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / pathology


  • Interferon-gamma