A new modification of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis (DSNP, duplex-specific nuclease preference) method using the duplex-specific nuclease from the king crab was proposed. The method was used to study SNPs in the following human genes: kRAS, nRAS, hRAS, and p53, the genes of blood coagulation factor V, methyltetrahydrofolate reductase, prothrombin, and apolipoprotein E and a deletion in the BRCA1 gene. DSNP was shown to be useful for the estimation of the mutant allele content in DNA samples. A system for the simultaneous identification of several adjacent single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the kRAS gene was proposed. The approaches could be used to develop test systems for the detection of SNPs in human genes. The English version of the paper: Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry, 2005, vol. 31, no. 6; see also http://www.maik.ru.