The metabolism of zebularine (NSC 309132), a novel agent that inhibits DNA methyltransferases, is still uncharacterized. To examine the in vivo metabolism of zebularine, an analytical method was developed and validated (based on FDA guidelines) to quantitate 2-[(14)C]-zebularine and its major metabolites in murine plasma. Zebularine and its metabolites uridine, uracil and dihydrouracil were baseline-separated based on hydrophilic interaction chromatography by using an amino column. The assay was accurate and precise in the concentration ranges of 5.0-100 microg/mL for zebularine, 2.5-50 microg/mL for uridine, 1.0-10 microg/mL for uracil and 0.5-5.0 microg/mL for dihydrouracil. This assay is being used to quantitate zebularine and its metabolites in ongoing pharmacokinetic studies of zebularine.