Background: Impairment of global diastolic function is considered to be the mechanism of congestive heart failure in individuals with preserved systolic left ventricular (LV) function. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is known to be a risk factor for congestive heart failure with preserved systolic function, and this process may begin as a regional process. We investigated whether regional LV diastolic function measured by magnetic resonance tagging is altered in asymptomatic participants of the MESA with LVH and preserved systolic LV function.
Methods: Regional systolic and diastolic strain rates were calculated from strain data in 218 participants of the MESA study. Circumferential strain was calculated from the midwall layer of the septum, anterior, lateral, and inferior walls at mid-LV level. Global LV function measures were studied by magnetic resonance imaging in 4291 MESA participants. Left ventricular hypertrophy for men and women was defined from the MESA population using previously established Framingham criteria.
Results: Global systolic function was slightly less in the LVH (ejection fraction = 0.66 +/- 0.10) versus the non-LVH group (ejection fraction = 0.69 +/- 0.07, P < .001). Stepwise regression analyses showed a direct relationship between regional diastolic dysfunction and increasing LV mass. Regional systolic strain and strain rate measures from participants with LVH were not significantly different from those without LVH. However, regional diastolic strain rate was significantly reduced in participants with LVH (1.5 +/- 1.1 s(-1)) compared with the non-LVH group (2.2 +/- 1.1 s(-1), P < .001) regardless of age or sex.
Conclusions: Left ventricular hypertrophy is associated with regional diastolic dysfunction in individuals without evidence of clinical cardiovascular disease and preserved systolic function. Magnetic resonance imaging tagging provides detailed quantification of regional diastolic function noninvasively.