Regulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene expression by protein kinases

Front Biosci. 2006 May 1;11:1199-215. doi: 10.2741/1873.

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of structurally and functionally related zinc-containing endopeptidases that are capable of degrading almost all of the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Under physiological and pathological conditions, the MMPs play a significant role in the efficient tissue turnover and remodeling. Specific MMPs are responsible for the matrix degradation and remodeling. Maintenance of the equilibrium between deposition and degradation of the extracellular matrix is essential to the normal tissue development. Therefore, synthesis and breakdown of the MMPs are tightly controlled by protein kinases which mediate a host of other cellular processes. The MMPs are often induced by several agents and any uncontrolled expression of the MMPs can contribute to the pathogenesis of many human diseases. This review focuses on the regulation of the MMPs by the protein kinases at the level of gene expression and their signaling pathways.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic*
  • Humans
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases / biosynthesis*
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases / genetics
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Genetic
  • Phosphorylation
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism
  • Protein Kinases / physiology*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism

Substances

  • Protein Isoforms
  • Protein Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Protein Kinase C
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases