Therapeutic antibodies are well established as an important class of drugs in modern medicine. The exquisite specificity and affinity for a specific target offered by antibodies has also encouraged their development as delivery vehicles for agents such as radionuclides to target tissues, for radioimmunoimaging and radioimmunotherapy. Specifically, in nuclear medicine, radionuclide-conjugated antibody molecules make it possible to image diseased loci with greater sensitivity than other imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging. Furthermore, two radionuclide-conjugated antibodies have recently been approved for the therapy of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, optimal implementation of antibodies has been limited by the extended circulation persistence that is characteristic of native antibodies, which is responsible for increased background activity in radioimmunoimaging applications and dose-related normal organ toxicities in radioimmunotherapy. In this article the current status of radiolabelled intact antibodies is reviewed, focusing on strategies to improve their pharmacokinetic properties to suit a desired application. Examples from the literature that represent different approaches to accomplishing this task in terms of their successes as well as limitations, and perspectives for the future are discussed.