Objective: To report the subpalpebral lavage therapy for the treatment of infectious scleritis and keratitis.
Method: Six patients were admitted for treatment of severe infectious scleritis and keratitis and were initiated on the subpalpebral lavage system after showing no improvement with topical fortified antibiotics. A continuous antibiotic lavage was applied until clinical sterility was achieved and topical steroids were gradually added to control concomitant inflammation.
Results: All 6 patients had resolution of their infections and achieved a stable ocular surface with no inflammation. One patient required a corneal transplant for active inflammation and corneal thinning, 1 had a transplant for a dense central corneal scar, and 1 patient underwent corneal transplant and cataract extraction. One case was a Pseudomonas keratitis in a blind eye, which rapidly resolved and has remained stable. Four patients required additional surgeries, which included 3 corneal transplants, 2 cataract extractions, and 1 glaucoma aqueous shunt.
Conclusion: Continuous irrigation of the eye can improve scleral penetration of antibiotics. Subpalpebral lavage provides continuous irrigation and may be effective in the treatment of infectious scleritis of a variety of etiologies.