Magnetism and microfluidics

Lab Chip. 2006 Jan;6(1):24-38. doi: 10.1039/b513005k. Epub 2005 Nov 28.


Magnetic forces are now being utilised in an amazing variety of microfluidic applications. Magnetohydrodynamic flow has been applied to the pumping of fluids through microchannels. Magnetic materials such as ferrofluids or magnetically doped PDMS have been used as valves. Magnetic microparticles have been employed for mixing of fluid streams. Magnetic particles have also been used as solid supports for bioreactions in microchannels. Trapping and transport of single cells are being investigated and recently, advances have been made towards the detection of magnetic material on-chip. The aim of this review is to introduce and discuss the various developments within the field of magnetism and microfluidics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biological Assay
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / instrumentation
  • Magnetics*
  • Microfluidics / instrumentation*
  • Microfluidics / trends*
  • Miniaturization
  • Surface Properties