In this study, we report the results of a prospective, double-blind trial to determine whether high-dose topical corticosteroids have an effect on refractive outcome or anterior stromal haze after photorefractive keratectomy. A total of 113 patients were allocated randomly to either placebo- or steroid-treated groups (0.1% dexamethasone metasulphobenzoate for 3 months) and underwent either -3.00-diopter (D) or -6.00-D procedures. At 6 weeks, the mean change in refraction was significantly greater in the steroid-treated group than in the placebo-treated group (-3.00-D group, P = .0015; -6.00-D group, P = .0011). However, when corticosteroids were discontinued at 3 months, this difference became statistically insignificant. There was no statistically significant effect on anterior stromal haze at any stage. Since long-term use of corticosteroids to maintain the initial beneficial effect on refraction would be unacceptable, we conclude that these agents should not be used after photorefractive keratectomy.