Carotid artery stent implantation: evaluation with multi-detector row CT angiography and virtual angioscopy--initial experience

Radiology. 2006 Jan;238(1):309-20. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2381042106.


Approval for this HIPAA-compliant study was obtained from the institutional review board; informed consent was not required for retrospective review of patient studies that had been performed for clinical evaluation. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare the accuracy of intrastent luminal diameter, as measured on transverse computed tomographic (CT) angiograms and virtual angioscopic views, with the manufacturer's specifications for phantom diameter and with digital subtraction angiographic (DSA) measurements of stent diameter obtained in patients. Intrastent diameter was measured by using standard and stent-optimized reconstruction kernels with three window settings. Endoluminal virtual angioscopic views of the stent-containing vessels were also generated. Measurements at CT angiography were compared with known specifications for the phantom and with DSA measurements in patients. Erroneous measurements of intrastent diameter occurred when a standard kernel and nonoptimized window settings were used. A set of parameters that minimized error relative to measurements obtained at DSA was also identified. Virtual angioscopy helped demonstrate morphologic aspects of stenosis that were otherwise difficult to appreciate.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angiography / methods*
  • Angiography, Digital Subtraction
  • Angioplasty
  • Carotid Stenosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Carotid Stenosis / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
  • Treatment Outcome