Arabidopsis contains seven Kip-related protein (KRP) genes encoding CDK (cyclin-dependent kinase) inhibitors (CKIs), which shares a restricted similarity with mammalian p27Kip1. Here, we analyze the characteristics of the KRPs. Although KRP1-KRP7 interact with active cyclin D2 (CYCD2)/CDKA and CYCD2/CDKB complexes to a similar extent, they inhibit kinase activity to a different extent. Our results suggest that inhibitory activity is related to the binding ability between KRP proteins and cyclin/CDK complexes, but secondary and tertiary structure may be also involved. These data provide the first evidence that KRPs inhibit kinase activity associated with plant-specific CDKB.