Matrix metalloproteinase-induced genomic instability

Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2006 Feb;16(1):45-50. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2005.12.011. Epub 2005 Dec 27.


Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is associated with nearly every tumor type. Although many studies have shown that MMPs can promote malignancy, recent evidence has revealed that MMPs can play a causative role also in the earliest stages of cancer development. A complex story is now emerging in which MMPs not only compromise cell-cell and cell-substratum adhesion processes that impact genomic surveillance mechanisms but also act directly on molecules at the cell surface to stimulate physiological processes that cause genetic alterations. Delineating the mechanisms involved in these processes and identifying how they are coordinated in vivo could aid identification of the crucial contribution of MMPs to tumorigenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Genomic Instability*
  • Humans
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / enzymology
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / genetics
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases / genetics*
  • Models, Biological
  • Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Neoplasms / etiology
  • Neoplasms / genetics


  • Matrix Metalloproteinases