Solution conformation of a peptide corresponding to the principal neutralizing determinant of HIV-1IIIB: a two-dimensional NMR study

Biochemistry. 1992 Aug 4;31(30):6972-9. doi: 10.1021/bi00145a015.

Abstract

The 24 amino acid peptide RP135 corresponds in its amino acid sequence to the principal neutralizing determinant (PND) of the IIIB isolate of HIV-1. Although the sequence of the PND is highly variable, its central part, containing the sequence GPGR, is conserved in most HIV isolates. Using 2D NMR and CD spectroscopy, we have studied the conformation of RP135 and of two shorter versions: one (P547) that includes the GPGR sequence with the N-terminal part of the peptide and the other (P344) that includes GPGR and the C-terminal segment of RP135. In water, the C-terminal part of RP135 was found to exist in several transient turnlike conformations ("nascent helix"). A helical conformation was found to be stabilized by the addition of TFE. A transient turn was observed also in the GPGR sequence, both in water and in aqueous TFE solutions. While no nascent helix conformations could be observed in the N-terminal part of RP135 in water, a helical conformation was partially stabilized by the addition of TFE. The conformations of the two shorter versions of the peptide were similar to those of the corresponding parts of RP135, except that the transient turn in GPGR could not be detected in P547 dissolved in water. The turn in GPGR was previously predicted by Larosa et al. (1990) and was observed by Chandrasekhar et al. (1991) in the PND peptide of HIV-1MN (RP142), which shares only 56% identity with RP135. However, nascent helix conformations were not observed in aqueous solutions of RP142.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Circular Dichroism
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120 / chemistry*
  • HIV-1 / chemistry*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Conformation
  • Solutions

Substances

  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120
  • Solutions