Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in children

JSLS. Oct-Dec 2005;9(4):393-8.


Background: This study aimed to document the authors' experience with laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in children.

Methods: Ninety-three hernia repairs were performed in 64 children. The neck was closed with a purse string suture by using 4-0 absorbable suture.

Results: Ninety-three indirect inguinal hernial sacs were closed in 64 children. Nine percent of children had an ectopic testis. The mean operating time for laparoscopic ring closure was 25 minutes (range, unilateral 21 to 35; bilateral, 28 to 50). The contralateral processus vaginalis was patent in 20% of children. In 24% of children, the final procedure was modified based on the findings of a dilated internal ring. A laparoscopic ilio-pubic tract repair was done in these cases. Laparoscopic mobilization, orchiopexy followed by ilio-pubic tract repair was done in 9% of children. Scrotal swelling occurred in one child. Hydrocoele occurred in one patient. Recurrence rate was 3.1%.

Conclusion: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in children can be offered, as it is safe, reproducible, and technically easy for experienced laparoscopic surgeons. Ilio-pubic tract repair may be added in cases with dilated internal ring. Recurrence following laparoscopic ring closure can be managed with laparoscopic ilio-pubic tract repair. The long-term follow-up of laparoscopic ilio-pubic tract repair is awaited.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Digestive System Surgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Female
  • Hernia, Inguinal / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Male