IRESite: the database of experimentally verified IRES structures (

Nucleic Acids Res. 2006 Jan 1;34(Database issue):D125-30. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkj081.


IRESite is an exhaustive, manually annotated non-redundant relational database focused on the IRES elements (Internal Ribosome Entry Site) and containing information not available in the primary public databases. IRES elements were originally found in eukaryotic viruses hijacking initiation of translation of their host. Later on, they were also discovered in 5'-untranslated regions of some eukaryotic mRNA molecules. Currently, IRESite presents up to 92 biologically relevant aspects of every experiment, e.g. the nature of an IRES element, its functionality/defectivity, origin, size, sequence, structure, its relative position with respect to surrounding protein coding regions, positive/negative controls used in the experiment, the reporter genes used to monitor IRES activity, the measured reporter protein yields/activities, and references to original publications as well as cross-references to other databases, and also comments from submitters and our curators. Furthermore, the site presents the known similarities to rRNA sequences as well as RNA-protein interactions. Special care is given to the annotation of promoter-like regions. The annotated data in IRESite are bound to mostly complete, full-length mRNA, and whenever possible, accompanied by original plasmid vector sequences. New data can be submitted through the publicly available web-based interface at and are curated by a team of lab-experienced biologists.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 5' Untranslated Regions / chemistry*
  • Databases, Nucleic Acid*
  • Internet
  • Peptide Chain Initiation, Translational*
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / metabolism
  • Plasmids / chemistry
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA, Messenger / chemistry
  • RNA, Viral / chemistry
  • Regulatory Sequences, Ribonucleic Acid
  • User-Computer Interface


  • 5' Untranslated Regions
  • Peptide Initiation Factors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Viral
  • Regulatory Sequences, Ribonucleic Acid