Human protein reference database--2006 update

Nucleic Acids Res. 2006 Jan 1;34(Database issue):D411-4. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkj141.


Human Protein Reference Database (HPRD) ( was developed to serve as a comprehensive collection of protein features, post-translational modifications (PTMs) and protein-protein interactions. Since the original report, this database has increased to >20 000 proteins entries and has become the largest database for literature-derived protein-protein interactions (>30 000) and PTMs (>8000) for human proteins. We have also introduced several new features in HPRD including: (i) protein isoforms, (ii) enhanced search options, (iii) linking of pathway annotations and (iv) integration of a novel browser, GenProt Viewer (, developed by us that allows integration of genomic and proteomic information. With the continued support and active participation by the biomedical community, we expect HPRD to become a unique source of curated information for the human proteome and spur biomedical discoveries based on integration of genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic data.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Protein* / statistics & numerical data
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Protein Isoforms / analysis
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / physiology
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Proteins / analysis
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / physiology
  • Proteome / chemistry
  • Proteome / genetics*
  • Proteome / physiology*
  • Proteomics
  • Signal Transduction
  • Systems Integration
  • User-Computer Interface


  • Protein Isoforms
  • Proteins
  • Proteome