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. 2006 Jan 1;34(Database issue):D82-5.
doi: 10.1093/nar/gkj146.

EPD in Its Twentieth Year: Towards Complete Promoter Coverage of Selected Model Organisms

Free PMC article

EPD in Its Twentieth Year: Towards Complete Promoter Coverage of Selected Model Organisms

Christoph D Schmid et al. Nucleic Acids Res. .
Free PMC article


The Eukaryotic Promoter Database (EPD) is an annotated non-redundant collection of eukaryotic POL II promoters, experimentally defined by a transcription start site (TSS). Access to promoter sequences is provided by pointers to positions in the corresponding genomes. Promoter evidence comes from conventional TSS mapping experiments for individual genes, or, starting from release 73, from mass genome annotation projects. Subsets of promoter sequences with customized 5' and 3' extensions can be downloaded from the EPD website. The focus of current development efforts is to reach complete promoter coverage for important model organisms as soon as possible. To speed up this process, a new class of preliminary promoter entries has been introduced as of release 83, which requires less stringent admission criteria. As part of a continuous integration process, new web-based interfaces have been developed, which allow joint analysis of promoter sequences with other bioinformatics resources developed by our group, in particular programs offered by the Signal Search Analysis Server, and gene expression data stored in the CleanEx database. EPD can be accessed at


Figure 1
Figure 1
Graphical representation of the distribution of 5′ ends of full-length transcripts. The diagram is based on data from the Berkley Drosophila Genome Project for gene ARF79F and is part of the ‘niceview’ display of EPD entry DM_ARF1_2 ().

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