International Union of Pharmacology. XLVIII. Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of voltage-gated calcium channels

Pharmacol Rev. 2005 Dec;57(4):411-25. doi: 10.1124/pr.57.4.5.


The family of voltage-gated calcium channels serves as the key transducers of cell surface membrane potential changes into local intracellular calcium transients that initiate many different physiological events. There are 10 members of the voltage-gated calcium channel family that have been characterized in mammals, and they serve distinct roles in cellular signal transduction. This article presents the molecular relationships and physiological functions of these calcium channel proteins and provides comprehensive information on their molecular, genetic, physiological, and pharmacological properties.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium Channel Agonists / pharmacology
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Calcium Channels / classification
  • Calcium Channels / genetics
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism
  • Calcium Channels / physiology*
  • Calcium Signaling / physiology
  • Electrophysiology
  • Humans
  • Ion Channel Gating / physiology*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Terminology as Topic


  • Calcium Channel Agonists
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Calcium Channels