Use of insulin glargine in patients with hyperglycaemia receiving artificial nutrition

Acta Diabetol. 2005 Dec;42(4):182-6. doi: 10.1007/s00592-005-0200-4.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to verify whether it is possible to use insulin glargine (Lantus) subcutaneously in patients receiving artificial nutrition (AN) and if the analogue is capable of obtaining and maintaining good glycaemic control without inducing hypoglycaemia. The sample considers 25 patients receiving AN, diagnosed diabetics and non-diabetics, who had previously been prescribed traditional insulin therapy. All were to be given subcutaneous insulin glargine at a dosage equal to the average of insulin/day administered in the preceding days spent receiving AN. Twenty-five consecutive patients, not stratified in any way, were judged eligible in the last six months of 2004 and first two months of 2005. Four out of these 25 could not be evaluated, either because they did not begin or complete the treatment with Lantus (3/4) or because the proper number of glycaemic tests were not carried out (1/4); 21/25 patients, 84% of the sample with a mean age of 68.7 years (range 46-91 years), finished the study and could be evaluated. The mean glycaemic values after treatment with glargine were already better on the second day, and on the seventh day the difference was statistically significant. No hypoglycaemia requiring medical intervention occurred. This study confirms the possibility of using insulin glargine in patients receiving AN with hyperglycaemia regardless of the type of nutrition and whether or not the patient is diabetic.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Body Mass Index
  • Enteral Nutrition*
  • Glycemic Index
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / blood
  • Hyperglycemia / drug therapy
  • Hyperglycemia / therapy*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Insulin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Insulin / therapeutic use
  • Insulin Glargine
  • Insulin, Long-Acting
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutritional Support*
  • Parenteral Nutrition, Total

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Insulin, Long-Acting
  • Insulin Glargine