Uridine 5'-diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) is the final product of hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HSP) and the donor substrate for the modification of nucleocytoplasmic proteins at serine and threonine residues with N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) catalyzed by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). Many analogs of UDP-GlcNAc were designed to interfere with the process of protein O-glycosylation by blocking OGT. A novel rearrangement reaction was observed in which phosphate-N-acetylglucosamine moiety migrated to 3' terminus of ribose in ESI-MS(n) of UDP-GlcNAc. Results from tandem mass spectrometry, control experiments and calculation showed that the phosphate-N-acetylglucosamine migration might undergo a pentacoordinate phosphoric intermediate. Furthermore, the acetylation of glucosamine in UDP-GlcNAc was essential in the migration process.
Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.