Measurement of Counting Statistics of Electron Transport in a Tunnel Junction

Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Oct 21;95(17):176601. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.176601. Epub 2005 Oct 17.


We present measurements of the time-dependent fluctuations of electrical current in a voltage-biased tunnel junction. We were able to simultaneously extract the first three moments of the current counting statistics. Detailed comparison of the second and the third moments reveals that the statistics is accurately described as Poissonian, expected for spontaneous current fluctuations due to electron charge discreteness, realized in tunneling transport at negligible coupling to environment.