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, 95 (24), 245701

Dynamics of a Quantum Phase Transition: Exact Solution of the Quantum Ising Model

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Dynamics of a Quantum Phase Transition: Exact Solution of the Quantum Ising Model

Jacek Dziarmaga. Phys Rev Lett.

Abstract

The Quantum Ising model is an exactly solvable model of quantum phase transition. This Letter gives an exact solution when the system is driven through the critical point at a finite rate. The evolution goes through a series of Landau-Zener level anticrossings when pairs of quasiparticles with opposite pseudomomenta get excited with a probability depending on the transition rate. The average density of defects excited in this way scales like a square root of the transition rate. This scaling is the same as the scaling obtained when the standard Kibble-Zurek mechanism of thermodynamic second order phase transitions is applied to the quantum phase transition in the Ising model.

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